MSS-041-Introduction to the Carignan-Salières Regiment

Episode 041-December 1, 2015

MSS-041-01-Title header-2

In this episode you will be introduced to the Carignan-Salières Regiment: it’s history, its purpose, its accomplishments. Do you have a soldier ancestor? We’ll also hear how the KKK episode affected one of the Maple Stars and Stripes listeners. In the Language Tip, we’ll see how a little tail makes a big difference.

French-Canadian News

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The Franco-American Centre, Manchester, New Hampshire

Saturday, December 5th-Another fun-filled French Adventure. This theme is, of course, the holidays. You will participate in a holiday party while learning holiday vocabulary through sharing songs, crafts, and stories. The party is from 1-4 PM. You do have to register a week ahead of time, and, of course, by time this podcast airs, it will be less than a week away. But it never hurts to call and check.

December 11th-Soirée de Noël,6-10 PM at Millie’s Tavern in Manchester-an evening of fun, music and general holiday merrymaking.

The Vermont French-Canadian Genealogical Society

Saturday, December 5th, 10:30 AM at the library. A joint panel of L. Johnson, P. Eddy, and J. Lemay will present “50 Ways to Prove He’s Dead.”

Language Tip #41-The Cédille

In some French words, the letter C has a little tail hanging from the bottom. This is called the C-cédille: ç. It is used to force the sound of /S/.

In most French words , when the letter C appears before an E, I, or Y, it automatically makes the sound of /S/, as in France, merci, and Montmorency.


When the C appears before an A, O, or U, the C makes a hard sound, like /K/. Common French words with this hard sound are Acadie, colonie, and cultivateur.

But there are some words where the C comes before an A, O, or U, and the speaker pronounces an /S/ sound instead of the /K/ sound. In writing, to show that this /S/ sound is produced where the normal pronunciation would be a /K/, we use the cédille. So in the words Français, François, and deçu, you pronounce the /ç/ as an /S/.

So surnames with a cédille, like Marçolet, are pronounced with an /S/ sound. Keep this in mind when searching in online databases.

Introduction to the Carignan-Salières Regiment

Bill Kane, vice-president of La Société des Filles du Roi et Soldats du Carignan, or the Society of the King’s Daughters and Carignan Soldiers, gives us a terrific introduction to this group of soldiers who are ancestors to many of us. In this interview, we discussed:

  • The 350th anniversary of the coming of the Carignan-Salières Regiment to New France

    C-S Regimental flag

    (Public domain)

  • King Louis XIV’s appointments of Colbert as his minister and the Marquis de Tracy as lieutenant-general of all the French colonies outside of France
  • The history of the regiment before it came to Canada
  • The logistics of transporting and providing for such a large number of soldiers both before leaving for Canada and after their arrival
  • The ocean crossing, including the sickness that plagued the ship which also carried the new intendant, Talon
  • Tracy’s plans for the soldiers in Québec, including the building of forts in defense of the colony
  • The strategy to subdue the Iroquois
  • The incentives for soldiers who decided to stay in Canada after the regiment returned to France
  • The marriages that occurred between the Carignan soldiers and the filles du roi
  • La Société des Filles du Roi et Soldats du Carignan, or the Society of the King’s Daughters and Carignan Soldiers

La Société des Filles du Roi et Soldats du Carignan publishes two journals per year called Sent by the King. Included on the website are lists of soldiers who stayed, who left, and who married filles du roi. There are lists of the filles du roi also. Bill highly recommends (as do I) Peter Gagne’s 2-volume set of books called King’s Daughters and Founding Mothers: The Filles du Roi, 1663-1673, which was out of print for a while but can now be ordered through the American French Genealogical Society.

Carignan-Salières Regiment Resources


For your chance to win a free 1-year associate membership to La Société des Filles du Roi et Soldats du Carignan, including two issues of Sent by the King, listen to the podcast for the secret code word. Then go to Type in your first and last name, your email address, and the secret code word announced in the podcast. Then go to your email and confirm your entry.

All boxes must be filled in correctly, and you will have until midnight eastern time on December 15, 2015, to get your entry in. On the 16th I will use a random-number generator to select a winner.

I will notify the winner, and then announce it on the next episode of Maple Stars and Stripes in January.

Good luck!

Revisiting Episode #39: Franco-Americans and the KKK

After receiving several emails from Maple Stars and Stripes listeners, Dr. Angelini has a request for you:

I seek submissions of first-person narrations of what it meant to be a Franco-American in the early part of the twentieth century in New England. The idea would be for me to edit the stories and publish them in an anthology. My working title is: Life as a Franco-American in Early Twentieth-Century New England.


I envision the anthology to be divided into sections (ex. work, family life, political life, economic/social stories, etc) with my writing a page or so introduction to each section. I might be even able to include a “what my parents/grandparents told me” section.


Ideally, the anthology could be used as source material for a sociology/social history type seminar course. At this point, I will have to focus on stories handed-down from one generation to the next as not many survivors from the early 1920s will still be alive.

If you have stories to share, you can email Dr. Angelini at angeline [at] canisius [dot] edu or write to her at Dr. Eileen Angelini; Canisius College; Department of Modern Languages, Literatures, and Cultures; 2001 Main Street; Buffalo, NY 14208-1098.

She also had an email from another listener. Elaine listened to the story of the KKK and made a possible connection to the tragedy in her grandfather’s life that affected her family. After being ashamed of her grandfather for so long because of his rumored desertion from the military in WWI, she found forgiveness after researching her family history and discovering his complete story. Have you ever found it easier to forgive an ancestor once you knew the whole story, the motivation that caused him or her to act the way he/she did?

The End of Language Tips

This will be the last episode that features a Language Tip segment on a regular basis. What type of segment would you like to see replace it?

Survey #40

Question: Have you discovered any Acadian ancestors?Survey chart


  • 7% – No, my lines are all back to the immigrant and I have no Acadian ancestors
  • 72 % – Yes, I have discovered at least one Acadian ancestor
  • 21% – No, I have not discovered an Acadian ancestor, but all lines are not carried back yet

Are these results close to what you thought they’d be?

Survey #41

This survey question is a fill-in-the-blank so you are free to enter anything that comes to mind.

Question: What do you like best about the Maple Stars and Stripes podcast? A segment? A particular topic? A particular guest? Go to to give us your opinion. Results will be in episode #42.

Thanks for participating!!

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Maple Stars and Stripes will be back on January 12th. Joyeux Noël and Bonne Année!

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